I especially appreciate the discovery of "new" valuable elements in fresh produce. One such example is falcarinol, found in raw carrots. in the last decade, scientists have noticed that consuming fresh carrots seems to reduce the intensity of some cancers. however, in several studies when doctors administered vitamin A or carotene to cancer patients it did not lead to any significant improvements. finally in 2003, Danish scientists isolated falcarinol in raw carrots. they discovered that even such mild heating of carrots as blanching reduced the falcarinol level by half.
another important nutrient, resveratrol, promises to lengthen life and prevent or treat aging-related diseases. Resveratrol is found in grapes, grape leaves, red wine, and olive oil, as well as some other vegetables. researchers have found that the molecules of resveratrol activate a family of enzymes responsible for lifespan in different living organisms including humans.
There is ample evidence from basic research of compounds in cooked and processed meats and fish... that heterocyclic amines (HCAs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are mutagens and carcinogens.
Acrylamide is formd during heating of starch-rich foods to high temperatures while acrylamide levels are undetectable in uncooked foods. acrylamide is a "human carcinogen"... Analysis has shown that acrylamide is present in a disturbingly large number of foods, including may regarded as staple foods - for example: snack chips, taco shells, french fries, baked potatoes, etc....